Home / Dental Professionals / Therapeutic Areas / Soft tissue Regeneration / Recession Coverage

Recession coverage

Gingival recession is extremely common and can lead to complications such as root caries, compromised aesthetic appearance, reduced oral hygiene and root surface hypersensitivity.1,2

Autogenous soft tissue grafts, such as free gingival grafts or connective tissue grafts, have proven successful in covering recession defects.1 However, harvesting those grafts, usually from the palate, is painful, technically demanding, time consuming and may lead to complications such as bleeding, pain, swelling, and occasionally also numbness or infections.3-6

Geistlich Fibro-Gide® or Geistlich Mucograft® combined with a coronally advanced flap or in minimal invasive techniques represent a viable alternative to recession coverage with an autologous graft.7,8,14,15. As their use spares creating a second surgical site, collagen matrices such as Geistlich Mucograft® or Geistlich Fibro-Gide® are associated with less chair time, patient pain perception and lower patient morbidity when compared to autogenous grafts.10-13

References:

  1. Chambrone L, et al.: Cochrane Database Syst Rev (2): CD007161. (systematic review)
  2. Bignozzi I, et al.: J Periodontal Res. 2014; 49(2): 143-63. (review)
  3. Griffin TJ, et al.: J Periodontol 2006; 77: 2070-79. (clinical study)
  4. Soileau KM, et al.: J Periodontol 2006; 77: 1267-73. (clinical study)
  5. Zucchelli G, et al.: J Clin Periodontol 2010; 37: 728-38. (clinical study)
  6. Cairo F, et al.: J Clin Periodontol 2012; 39: 760-68. (clinical study)
  7. McGuire MK & Scheyer ET: J Periodontol 2016; 87(3): 221-7. (clinical study)
  8. Cardaropoli D, et al.: J Periodontol 2012; 83(3): 321-28. (clinical study)
  9. Griffin TJ, et al.: J Periodontol 2006; 77: 2070-79. (clinical study)
  10. Sanz M, et al.: J Clin Periodontol 2009; 36(10): 868-76. (clinical study)
  11. Geistlich Mucograft® Seal Advisory Board Meeting Report, 2013. Data on file, Geistlich Pharma AG, Wolhusen, Switzerland.
  12. Lorenzo R, et al.: Clin Oral Impl Res 2012; 23(3): 316-24. (clinical study)
  13. Thoma OS, et al. J Clin Periodontol 2016; 43(10): 874-85. (clinical study)
  14. Schultze-Späte, U and Lee CT. Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent. 2019 Sep/Oct;39(5):e181-e187. (clinical study)
  15. Stefanini M, et al. Clin Oral Investig. 2020 May 2. doi: 0.1007/s00784-019-03192-5. [Epub ahead of print] (clinical study)

Clinical Cases

Recession Coverage Treatment (Multiple)

Case by Dr. Raffaele Cavalcanti
Bari, Italy

Clinical challenge

Treatment of multiple gingival recession with coronally advance flap technique

Aim / Approach

Complete root coverage of multiple recession defect and dentin hypersensitivity reduction.

Conclusion

Complete root coverage was achieved with Geistlich Fibro-Gide® for multiple recession defect and dentin hypersensitivity problem was completely solved.


Recession Coverage Treatment

Case by PD Dr. Ulrike Schulze-Späte
Jena, Germany

Clinical challenge

Vestibular Incision Subperiostal Tunnel Access (Modified VISTA Technique)

“Using Geistlich Fibro-Gide® in combination with a minimal-invasive technique for root coverage results in an excellent clinical outcome and high patient satisfaction.”

Aim / Approach

Root coverage of multiple recession defects (thin gingival biotype, Miller Class I).

Conclusion

A minimal-invasive tunnel approach in combination with the volume-stable Geistlich Fibro-Gide® resulted in complete root coverage.


Recession Coverage

Case by Prof. Dr. Giovanni Zucchelli
Bologna, Italy

Clinical challenge

Single recession coverage with coronally advanced flap in thin biotype

Aim / Approach

Root coverage and increase in buccal soft tissue thickness.

Conclusion

Aesthetic root coverage with CAF and Geistlich Mucograft® might be an alternative option to connective tissue graft and CAF. An increase of keratinised tissue and gingival thickness was observed during the healing of the treated site. In this case, 100% of root coverage and an excellent aesthetic outcome were achieved.


Recession Coverage

Case by Dr. Michael K. McGuire and Dr. E. Todd Scheyer
Houston, USA

Clinical challenge

Single recession coverage with coronally advanced flap in thin biotype

Aim / Approach

Root coverage combining Geistlich Mucograft® with coronally advanced flap (CAF) without the morbidity of soft tissue graft harvest.

Conclusion

Recession coverage with Geistlich Mucograft® and CAF provides an acceptable option to connective tissue graft and CAF. A notable creeping attachment of the gingiva is observed in this case with Geistlich Mucograft® during the healing of the surgical site and optimal outcomes after 6 months appear to have further improved at 1 year follow-up.


Recession Coverage

Case by Dr. Hilde De Vree and Prof. Dr. Hugo De Bruyn
Gent, Belgium

Clinical challenge

Single recession coverage with laterally moved coronally advanced flap

Aim / Approach

Root coverage combining Geistlich Mucograft® with laterally moved, coronally advanced flap.

Conclusion

The laterally moved, coronally advanced surgical technique was combined successfully with Geistlich  Mucograft® to treat an isolated gingival recession. Gain in gingival thickness and keratinised tissue could be observed. A nice blending of colour and thickness of the surgically treated area with respect to adjacent soft tissues was seen.


Recession Coverage

Case by Dr. Dr. Sofia Aroca and Prof. Dr. Anton Sculean
Paris and Berne, France

Clinical challenge

Multiple recessions with coronally advanced modified tunnel

Aim / Approach

Treatment of multiple recessions in the anterior region of the maxilla.

Conclusion

The recessions were covered successfully with Geistlich Mucograft®. The gingival margin is stable.  The tissue blending is excellent.